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Serious nail problems

Serious nail problems need a serious approach

Su 01 09 2017 in

 

Gli argomenti che fino ad ora abbiamo trattaro riguardavno fondamentalmente temi cosmetici. In questo invece andremo a trattare di alcuni importanti problemi all'unghia che richiedono il corretto approccio e trattamento. 

 

1. Infected cuticles


What is this?

“If you have a wound at the base of your nail, it can easily become infected. It not only looks red and unattractive, but it is also painful.”

 

How to avoid it?

“You can avoid infections setting in by taking appropriate care of your cuticles. This means hydrating thoroughly with a special oil or cuticle pen. It is very handy to have one of these in your car so that you have something immediately to hand that you can use if you are stuck in traffic for instance. The different ingredients ensure that your cuticles remain soft and prevent them from becoming irritated. I would also advise you to push back your cuticles with a special orange stick and a cuticle remover. But never cut them off completely. You should only remove stray bits of skin, never the whole cuticle. Cuticles are there for a reason after all; they ensure that bacteria and other harmful substances are unable to penetrate into the bloodstream. You can also push back the cuticles on your toe nails if you want, this will make the surface of your nail look bigger and your toes will look more attractive when you paint them. But be extra careful not to create any little wounds. And if you are not completely sure of what you are doing go and have a professional pedicure.”

 

How to solve this problem?

“Disinfect the wound and try not to mess around too much with the infected part. A special oil such as Vitamina Cuticle Oil can provide welcome relief. It repairs dry and damaged skin around the nails, has antibacterial properties and soothes the inflammation.”

 

Vitamina Cuticle Oil (€ 13,40) ProNails.

2. Ingrowing nails


What is this?

“If you cut your nails badly, or if you cut them too short, you may push them into the skin and they will then grow into the skin. This occurs most commonly with toenails, but it can also affect fingernails that grow in a naturally bent shape.”

 

How to avoid it?

“It is relatively easy to avoid ingrowing nails; just don’t cut them too short. With toenails it is important to ensure that the edges are unable to bore into the skin, this is why you are always recommended to cut them straight. However, if you see a nail that has indeed started to grow into your skin, go and have a manicure or see a chiropodist for a medical pedicure as soon as possible in order to keep the damage to a minimum.”

 

How to solve the problem? 

“Never try to fiddle around yourself trying to get an ingrowing nail out of your skin. It’s not only painful, but it can also have some very unpleasant side effects. A chiropodist has all the material needed to provide you with a solution, such as special clamps that lift the nails and force them to grow back straight. This is both a short- and long-term solution. Applying synthetic nails can also help, because your natural nails will mimic the shape as they grow.”

3. Fungal nail


What is this? 

“People often think that you can only pick up a fungal infection in the swimming pool or the sauna, but that’s not true. Fungus spores are everywhere and they are extremely contagious. It is true that fungus has a preference for warm, damp places. Shoes are a wonderful closed environment for this so that they put you at a higher risk of infection. If you get a fungal infection in or under your nail, the nail will turn a whitish-yellow colour and certain parts of the nail may start to crumble like chalk.

 

How to avoid it?

“The fact that one person suffers from a fungal infection and another doesn’t depends on a person’s immune system. There is little you can do about your susceptibility, but it helps to make sure you take good care of your feet in order to avoid your toenails becoming infected by fungus. Change your shoes regularly, especially if you perspire a lot, dry your feet thoroughly after taking a shower, wear cotton socks rather than synthetic socks and have regular pedicures. And be particularly careful with synthetic nails. If they are not applied properly and a fungal spore succeeds in setting up home in an air pocket, you will soon find yourself with a problem. Make sure you have these kinds of procedures carried out by a professional.”

 

How to solve the problem?

“We recommend that you make an appointment with your GP if you find yourself with a fungal infection in your nails. He/she will make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the most suitable medication that will help your body to combat the fungus. It is very important to use the product for the full prescribed period of time. Fungus is made up very fine threads and if there is just one left undefeated, the problem will be back before you know it.”

 

4. Nail trauma


What is this? 

“If your nail turns purple because it was caught in a door for instance or if it drops off because you hit it with a hammer, it is suffering from what we call a nail trauma.”

 

How to avoid it?

“A lot of nail injuries can be avoided by wearing shoes that fit well. Accidents happen notoriously quickly when doing sports. For this reason, it is a good idea to keep your toenails short so that they won’t break off completely if you stub your toe or stumble. If you have to carry out dangerous work, it is very important to wear safety shoes and if you do have an accident, make sure that no bacteria are able to invade your damaged nail. Disinfect the whole area and if necessary bandage it or cover with a plaster. If you notice that your nail starts to grow back crooked, go straight to your chiropodist for advice.”

 

How to solve the problem?

“Unfortunately nail trauma usually lasts a long time. There is a good chance that a nail that has broken off half way down will grow back crooked because the nail matrix has been damaged. But, nil desperandum, bright nail polish or gel nails can provide the perfect camouflage.” 



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